Romans in a New World: Classical Models in Sixteenth-century Spanish America

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University of Michigan Press, 2006 - 440 pages
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Romans in a New World shows how the ancient Romans haunted the Spanish conquest of the New World, more often than not as passionately rejected models. While the conquistadors themselves and their publicists challenged the reputations of the Romans for incomparable military genius and daring, Spanish critics of the conquest launched a concerted assault upon two other prominent uses of ancient Rome as a model: as an exemplar of imperialistic motives and behavior fit for Christians to follow, and as a yardstick against which to measure the cultural level of the natives of the New World.
In the course of this debate, many Spaniards were inspired to think more deeply on their own ethnic ancestry and identity, as Spanish treatment of the New World natives awakened the slumbering memory of Roman treatment of the Iberian tribes whom modern Spaniards were now embracing as their truest ancestors. At the same time, growing awareness of the cultural practices--especially the religious rituals--of the American natives framed a new perspective on both the pre-Christian ancestors of modern Europeans and even on the survival of "pagan" customs among modern Europeans themselves. In this incisive study, David A. Lupher addresses the increasingly debated question of the impact the discovery of the New World had upon Europeans' perceptions of their identity and place in history.
Romans in a New World holds much to interest both classicists and students of the history and culture of early modern Europe--especially, though not exclusively, historians of Spain. David A. Lupher's concern with the ideology of imperialism and colonization and with cross-cultural negotiations will be useful to students of cultural studies, as well.
David A. Lupher is Professor of Classics, University of Puget Sound.
  

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A very comprehensive review of Spanish reinterpretations of antiquity in light of new world experiences. Conquistadors thought that their conquests surpassed the achievements of the Romans. Their ... Read full review

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Contents

Introduction
1
Outdistancing the Ancients
19
The Model of Roman Imperialism in the Controversy of
43
The Beginning of the Controversy of the Indies
56
The Valladolid Lectures ofBartolome de Carranza 1540
82
The Ambivalence of Juan de la Pena 155960
98
The Romans in Sepulvedas Democrates secundus
112
Opening Rounds 154751
126
The Iberian Patriotism and AntiRomanism ofGonzalo Fernandez
209
Cano Las Casas and Ambrosio de Morales
220
In Discovering America Europe Had Discovered Itself
226
Romans and Indians
235
The Superiority of the Indians to the Romans in the Apologetica historia
255
Las Casas the Antiquarian and Pagan Survivals in the Old World
270
Las Casas the Inca
288
Conclusion
318

The Fate of the Roman Model in
150
University of Mexico 1554
158
the Romans Have Dominion over the New World? Vinko Paletin
167
From Roman Tyranny to Legitimate Dominion 86
186
Las Casas and the Perennial Question oHispanidad
195
The Career of a Toposfrom Alfonso X
203

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Romans in a New World
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David A. Lupher: Romans in a New World, University of Michigan Press
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About the author (2006)

Lupher is Professor of Classics, University of Puget Sound.

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