Megafauna: Giant Beasts of Pleistocene South America (Google eBook)

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Indiana University Press, May 23, 2012 - 448 pages
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More than 10,000 years ago spectacularly large mammals roamed the pampas and jungles of South America. This book tells the story of these great beasts during and just after the Pleistocene, the geological epoch marked by the great ice ages. Megafauna describes the history and way of life of these animals, their comings and goings, and what befell them at the beginning of the modern era and the arrival of humans. It places these giants within the context of the other mammals then alive, describing their paleobiology—how they walked; how much they weighed; their diets, behavior, biomechanics; and the interactions among them and with their environment. It also tells the stories of the scientists who contributed to our discovery and knowledge of these transcendent creatures and the environment they inhabited. The episode known as the Great American Biotic Interchange, perhaps the most important of all natural history "experiments," is also an important theme of the book, tracing the biotic events of both North and South America that led to the fauna and the ecosystems discussed in this book.

  

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Contents

What Is Science?
3
2 Distinguished Paleomammalogists
31
3 Geological and Ecological History of South America during the Cenozoic Era
73
4 North American Late Cenozoic Faunas
103
5 The Great American Biotic Interchange and Pleistocene Habitats in South America
135
6 Bestiary
171
7 Physics of the Giants
235
8 General Paleoecology
275
Lessons from the Deep Past
351
Appendix 1 A Primer on Skeletal Anatomy
355
Appendix 2 Skeletal Anatomy of Xenarthrans
383
Appendix 3 Equations Used to Estimate Body Masses Based on Dental and Skeletal Measurements and Their Respective Sources
393
Appendix 4 Calculations
397
References
401
Index
423
Copyright

9 Extinction
317

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About the author (2012)

Richard A.Fariña is Professor of Paleontology at the Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay. He has also published science books for a general readership and collaborated in TV documentaries on the subjects of his expertise.

Sergio F. Vizcaíno is Professor of Vertebrate Zoology at the Universidad Nacional de La Plata and researcher of the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas working at the Museo de La Plata, Argentina. His research focuses on the paleobiology of South American fossil vertebrates, mostly mammals. He has participated in numerous field work seasons in Argentina and Antarctica. He was the President of the Asociación Paleontologica Argentina.

Gerry De Iuliis is affiliated with the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Toronto.

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