Dissent on Development

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Harvard University Press, 1976 - 320 pages
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With style and imagination, this iconoclastic work covers the major issues in development economics. In eight carefully reasoned essays, P. T. Bauer challenges most of the accepted notions and supports his views with evidence drawn from a wide range of primary sources and direct experience.

The essays were selected on the basis of their interest to students and general readers from Bauer's book, Dissent on Development: Studies and Debates in Development Economics. Reviewing the previous work, the Wall Street Journal wrote: "It could have a profound impact on our thinking about the entire development question... Quite simply, it is no longer possible to discuss development economics intelligently without coming to grips with the many arguments P. T. Bauer marshalled in this extraordinary work."

 

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Contents

Acknowledgements
15
Introduction to the Revised Edition
17
The Vicious Circle of Poverty and the Widening Gap A THE VICIOUS CIRCLE 1 The Thesis Outlined
31
The Thesis Invalid
33
Empirical Evidence
34
International Demonstration Effect
38
Some Objections Considered
41
Aspects and Implications of Change
43
Potentialities of Aid
132
SPECIFIC ARGUMENTS FOR PLANNING Raising the level of saving and investment Promotion of manufacturing industry Compensating for lac...
136
Colonialism and Underdevelopment i Colonial Status and Material Progress
147
Colonialism as Exploitation?
150
Colonialism and Sovereignty
152
A Legacy of Colonialism
153
Interpretations of Political and Economic Colonialism
155
NeoColonialism
157

Impact of Change
45
Appeal of the Vicious Circle
46
B A WIDENING GAP? 9 The Vicious Circle and the Widening Gap
49
Ambiguities in the Concept of the Gap
51
Distinction between Developed and Underdeveloped Countries
52
Problems of International Income Comparisons
55
Population Growth and the Widening Gap
60
Further Implications of Population Growth
63
The National Income as Index of Welfare
64
Wider Considerations on the Gap
66
Conclusion
67
A COMPREHENSIVE CENTRAL PLANNING 1 Axiomatic Case for Planning
69
Some Points of Clarification
73
Determinants of Development
74
Effects of Climate
82
Planning and Progress
84
Some Components of Planning and their Implications
85
Some Political Results
86
Two Objections Considered
88
Planning and Living Standards
89
Government and Material Progress
90
Appeal of Planning
92
B FOREIGN
95
Axiomatic Case for Aid
96
Foreign Aid and Material Progress
98
Domestic Growth and External Gifts
103
Criteria for Allocation and Practical Implications of Aid
106
Aid and Infrastructure
110
Further Repercussions and Implications of Aid
111
Specific and Subsidiary Arguments in Support of Aid
114
Aid as redistributive taxation The relief of need Population problems as ground for aid Aid as a moral duty The argument from indebtedness Aid ...
130
Alleged Causes of Backwardness
158
The Helpful and the Helpless
161
Marxism and the Underdeveloped Countries 1 Pertinent Elements of Marxism
164
External Exploitation
165
Interpretation of Imperialism
167
Political and Economic Independence
168
Prerequisites of Progress
171
Policy Prescriptions of MarxismLeninism
173
Appeal of MarxismLeninism
175
Special Appeal in Poor Countries
177
Debasement of the Language
180
Asian Vistas 1 Mainsprings of Progress
183
Reinterpretation of Planning
185
Transformation of Man and Society
189
Conduct and mores Ethnic and linguistic differences Income wealth and status
194
Hostility to the Prosperous
197
Compulsory Standardisation and its Implications
198
Raising of Income as Ground for Compulsion
200
Objectives and Corollaries
203
Provenance of Resources and the Role of the Intellectuals
205
Planning as an Axiom
207
The Rural Sector
208
Expectations from Birth Control
212
Economic Change in SouthEast Asia
215
TECHNICAL APPARATUS AND SOME PREOCCUPA
223
A Critique of UNCTAD
234
EXTRACTS FROM THE PREBISCH REPORT
269
The Study of Underdeveloped Economies
291
List of Works Cited
307
Copyright

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About the author (1976)

P. T. Bauer was Professor of Economics at the London School of Economics and Political Science.

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