Gender and Populism in Latin America: Passionate Politics

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Penn State Press, 2010 - 254 páginas

In the first half of the twentieth century, classic populist leaders like the Per&óns in Argentina and Vargas in Brazil sought to create direct, personal ties between themselves and their followers. At the same time, they incorporated large numbers of previously excluded people into the body politic. The resurgence of democracy in Latin America in the 1980s and 1990s brought with it two new waves of populism: first, the neopopulism of leaders like Salinas in Mexico and Fujimori in Peru, who promoted neoliberal solutions to the economic problems of the 1990s; and second, the radical populism of leaders like Ch&ávez in Venezuela and Morales in Bolivia, who repudiated neoliberal policies in favor of some form of socialism in what has come to be called &“the pink tide.&”

Many have studied populist movements, for they offer fascinating insights into Latin American history and politics. But until now there have been no book-length studies of the relationship between gender and populism throughout the region. The essays in Gender and Populism in Latin America analyze the role of masculinity and femininity in the political careers of figures ranging from Evita Per&ón to Hugo Ch&ávez, considering the relationships among populism, democracy, authoritarianism, and feminism in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, and Venezuela.

In addition to the editor, the contributors are Michael Conniff, Gioconda Espina, Sujatha Fernandes, Victoria Gonz&ález-Rivera, Karin Gramm&ático, Jocelyn Olcott, Cathy A. Rakowski, St&éphanie Rousseau, Ximena Sosa-Buchholz, and Joel Wolfe. The Foreword is by Kurt Weyland.

 

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Contenido

Introduction
1
The Politics of Opportunity
25
Changing Images of Male and Female in Ecuador
47
GenderClientelistic Populism and Memory
67
From Working Mothers To Housewives
91
Women and Populism in Brazil
110
Populist Continuities in Revolutionary Peronism?
122
Populism From Above Populism From Below
140
Populism and The Feminist Challenge in Nicaragua
162
Waking Women Up?
180
Gender Popular Participation and The State in Chavezs Venezuela
202
Concluding Thoughts
222
Contributors
229
Index
233
Back Cover
255
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Acerca del autor (2010)

Karen Kampwirth is Professor of Political Science and Chair of the Latin American Studies Program at Knox College. Her two previous books with Penn State Press are Women and Guerrilla Movements: Nicaragua, El Salvador, Chiapas, Cuba (2003) and, co-edited with Victoria Gonz&ález, Radical Women in Latin America: Left and Right (2001).

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