Tribes Without Rulers: Studies in African Segmentary Systems
Psychology Press, 2004 - 234 pages
Recent research in Africa has shown a wide range of political systems, from small societies of wandering hunters to large states of several million people comparable with mediaeval European feudal kingdoms. In between are many societies in which a central government is lacking; the political system is based upon a balance of power between many small groups, which with their lack of classes or specialized political offices, have been called 'ordered anarchies'.
First published in 1958.
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age-set agnatic descent agnatic descent group Amba apical ancestor Apuk associated Bohannan Bora Bwamba called camp cattle cattle-camp chiefdom chiefs chiefship clan clan and district client common compound context cult Dagomba descent groups Dinka Dinkaland dry season eages Elder Evans-Pritchard exogamous group family cluster feud fighting fishing spear genealogical ghosts hamlet igba individual ipaven ityd jural community killed kinship Kitiak Konkomba Land Shrine land-owning line largest lineage segmentation lineage system linked Lugbara major lineage Mandari marriage maximal lineage MbaKyar minimal minor mother's brothers neighbouring nongo nuclear groups Nuer organization pastures political authority political groups political segments political unit refer relations relationship rites ritual sacrifice sanctions segmentary lineage senior settlement single sister's social societies of Group sons spearmasters subclan sublineages subtribe Tallensi territorial tion tribal groups unilineal descent utar village warfare whole witchcraft witches