Ecology of Woodlands and Forests: Description, Dynamics and Diversity
Taking a functional rather than an ecosystem or a utilitarian approach, Thomas and Packham provide a concise account of the structure of woodlands and forests. Using examples from around the world - from polar treelines to savannahs to tropical rain forests - the authors explain the structure of the soil and the hidden world of the roots; how the main groups of organisms which live within them interact both positively and negatively. There is particular emphasis on woodland and forest processes, especially those involving the flow and cycling of nutrients, as well as the dynamics of wooded areas, considering how and why they have changed through geological time and continue to do so. This clear, non-technical, 2007 text will be of interest to undergraduates, foresters, ecologists and land managers.
Comentarios de la gente - Escribir un comentario
No encontramos ningún comentario en los lugares habituales.
Figure 78 Dead snags The first is a common beech
Figure 81 Hubbard Brook Above is a view of Watershed
Otras ediciones - Ver todas
abies abundant acid animals beetles biodiversity biomass birch birds bryophytes canopy carbon caused climate competition conifers creeping soft-grass crop dead wood deciduous decomposed decomposition deer defoliation develop disease diversity dog’s mercury dominated Ecology ecosystems effect epiphytic eucalypts Europe evergreen Figure fire flowering forestry fruits fungal fungi fungus gaps global ground groups growing growth habitats hardwood herbivores humus important increase influence insects layer leaf leaves levels lichens lignin litter logs major maple masting mineral mycorrhizas nitrogen North America northern Norway spruce nutrients oak Quercus organic matter Packham particularly pedunculate oak phosphorus pine Pinus plantations plants plots pollination populations production regeneration roots saprotrophic Scots pine Section seed seedlings shade shrubs soil southern spruce Picea stand surface temperate temperature timber tree species tropical forests tropical rain forests trunk understorey vegetation woodlands and forests woody yellow archangel