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local preachers are all firm as ever, and what is the best, we find that the ark of the Lord is with us also. We had a blessed season last Thursday evening at the bands. I never knew a more melting time.

"I am, dear sir, yours respectfully,

"C. SUTTON." There were doubtless other correspondents, but we have not found any of their letters. The above are honourable to the men and their noble cause. To the friends at Nottingham we would say, Go on and prosper. Your cause began in the love of truth, freedom, justice, and mankind; it has been fostered by the blessing of God, and it shall be consummated in complete and universal triumph. We of this generation, who, without a struggle or a sacrifice, have entered into the enjoy ment of the liberties for which our fathers fought and laboured, owe a debt of gratitude and esteem to their memory. We would honour their names and hold fast their principles, and hand them down to posterity unimpaired, that the next generation may share the same advantages and blessings. The state of society is favourable to our sentiments, and we have nothing to do but hold fast the privileges we have, and peaceably and faithfully labour for the salvation of souls and the glory of God. People of Nottingham, be holy, united, diligent, and zealous. Members and friends of the New Connexion, everywhere be holy, diligent, united, and zealous; and God, even our own God, shall bless us, and make us a thousand times as many as we are. EDITOR.

HYMN

FOR THE NEW CONVERTS OF SALEM CHAPEL, NORTIL SHIELDS, AND IN COM-
MEMORATION OF THE SIGNAL OUT-POURING OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
IN THAT PLACE, AUGUST 26TH, 1849.

SALEM! place of peace and rest,
Here are children born and blest;
Here are witnesses to prove
God is Mercy! God is Love!

Let their new-born praises rise,
Fill thy courts and reach the skies!
Praise for pardon, peace, and rest,
Felt in every mourner's breast.
"Saviour, Jesus, Thine our praise,
To Thy name our hymns we raise;
Thine the life thou dost prolong,
Spent in service and in song.
"Ours be not a meteor's rays,'

Mocking night with transient blaze;
Each a steady, fixed star,

Shining bright and shining far.

"And when death shall break the urn
Where the deathless flame doth burn;
Up through ether may they run,
Join the uncreated sun!

"There behold the Father's grace,
Glorious in the Saviour's face;
Midst the spirit's radiance bright,
Love and serve him day and night."

W. G. TATE.

THIRTEEN REASONS WHY THE MEMBERS OF THE
METHODIST NEW CONNEXION OUGHT TO

BE THANKFUL, AND TAKE COURAGE.

"Walk about Zion, and go round about her: tell the towers thereof. Mark ye well her bulwarks, consider her palaces; that ye may tell it to the generation following. For this God is our God for ever and ever: he will be our guide even unto death."-PSALM xlviii. 11, 12, 13.

It is well for our people to review their privileges and blessings. Ours are not a few, and they demand our gratitude. Though we ought never to glorify ourselves, we ought to appreciate our blessings, and to glorify God. Let us, then, survey a few of the favours God has given us to enjoy.

1. We have a system of sound doctrine, drawn not from the decrees of councils or the traditions of men, but from the infallible teachings of holy Scripture; a system so definite and stringent on all vital points, as to exclude fatal heresy, yet so benign and comprehensive as to hold forth the blessings of a full, free, present, and universal salvation for mankind.

2. We have the ordinances of religion maintained in their integrity, disencumbered of all unmeaning ceremonies, of all popish and puseyitical inventions, and administered with seasonable frequency, and in their original simplicity.

3. We have an intelligent and useful ministry, which, though not embellished with academic honours, consists of men who, in the main, have clear heads, warm hearts, and respectable acquirements; who are, indeed, workmen that need not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word

of truth.

4. We have spheres of exertion and usefulness adapted to every capacity, and every variety of talent and opportunity. Local preachers, exhorters, leaders, stewards, class leaders, prayer leaders, Sunday-school teachers, tract distributors, &c., &c. There is work for all, and all are invited to work for God and immortal souls.

5. We have a missionary establishment, which employs fifty missionaries in the work of diffusing the gospel in those parts of the world to which our personal efforts cannot extend. Here, then, is an open channel for our benevolence, and a

stirring appeal to our sympathies and our prayers.

6. Our chapel debts are being reduced, our Educational Committee is doing good service, the subject of day schools is awakening attention, Sabbath school instruction is becoming more effective, Bible classes for elder scholars and Normal classes for teachers are adopted, the Home Mission is brought into operation, and various other means for promoting our temporal and spiritual welfare, for diffusing knowledge and piety, are in operation, and promise good fruits to persevering diligence and prayerful dependence on God.

7. We have a system of church go vernment which, in its fundamental principles, harmonizes with reason and Scripture, with the inalienable rights of mankind, and the usages of the church in its pristine age-in those best and brightest days, which preceded the rise of spiritual despotism and the usurpations of the man of sin.

8. We have personal freedom. Each member is protected against all arbitrary censures, all unjust degradations, and cruel expulsions. As no man can be received into communion without the approval of the church, so no man can be censured, degraded, or expelled without conviction, nor convicted without evidence of guilt, and that evidence adduced before a regular tribunal, where ministers and laymen are conjoined in the solemn act of discipline, determining, in their united capacity, both as to the nature of the offence, and the punishment to be inflicted on the offending brother.

9. We have a voice in the choice of all our church officers. The classes choosing their own leaders, and the societies electing their own stewards.

10. We have a system of representative government, which carries the just and righteous influence of our

people into those higher courts where the general business of our circuits and of the Connexion at large is transacted. Thus our quarterly meetings, special circuit meetings, and district meetings, are composed of representatives of the people. Our annual Conference, also, is composed of an equal number of ministers and laymen, who, unitedly, are the messengers of the churches, thus giving the people a voice in appropriating the moneys they contribute, in making the laws by which they are to be governed, in the righteous administration of those laws, and in choosing, from year to year, the ministers who are to labour among them.

If

11. The rights of the people, and the prerogatives of the ministry, are so effectually guarded, that the one cannot infringe upon, or exercise undue authority over, the other. the system allowed the people no voice by representation in courts of legislature, the ministry would possess an unjust, arbitrary, and unscriptural authority over God's heritage; but, on the other hand, if the system allowed the people a power to exclude the ministry from those courts of legislature, they must possess a power to oppress and degrade the ministry whenever they may please; and, indeed, the abstract existence of such a power is a degradation to both ministers and people. No such power, on either side, exists in our Connexion; but an honest equilibrium, which secures the prerogatives of the ministry in combination with the just rights of the people.

12. Another privilege to be thankful for is the possession of the right by the churches to appoint men to the holy ministry. Amongst us, no man can be introduced to the sacred office without the free election of the circuit, and also of the people composing the church of which the candidate is a member. This is a most important privilege, and it is especially guarded by wise and salutary regulations, excluding the results of favouritism, local prejudice, and other sinister influences, and providing for the purity and efficiency of the ministry.

13. In enumerating the reasons for our gratitude, we ought not to forget the substantial blessings of peace and harmony in all our borders, and of general prosperity in our circuits. Ministers and people are happily united. There never

was a time when a more fraternal spirit, a more cordial, united, and true connexional feeling existed, and mean while God is visiting us with the outpouring of his Holy Spirit. Blessed be his glorious name.

But some may ask, Why refer to these matters, seeing the people know all about them? We answer, Thousands of the people know and think too little about them. We wish them to understand and appreciate their privileges. We wish them to study our excellent rules, and compare our doctrines, our ordinances, our means of grace, and our system of church order and government, with the word of God. Every member ought, especially in the present day, to understand our system, and be able to give to every man a reason why he prefers it to other systems of Methodism. There is no bigotry or sectarianism in this. It is only a just appreciation of our blessings and privileges, which we may cherish in perfect harmony with the most enlarged benevolence towards other denominations.

What, then, is our duty? First to be thankful. Thankful to God, and to those devoted and self-denying men of the past generation, who originated these privileges, and to those fathers and senior brethren of the present generation, who, amidst much obloquy and many trials, have contributed to preserve them unimpaired. Secondly. To be active, devoted, liberal, and prayerful. We have the privileges enumerated. They are not now to be sought, or contended for, we possess them as our inheritance. Let us, then, not only appreciate them, and hold them fast, but work them out to great practical results. Let us live not for ourselves, but for the world; to help on the conversion of the world; to transform the earth into a paradise; to il it with light, holiness, and love.

OUR SABBATH SCHOOLS.

QUERIES ANSWERED.

As not any of our friends have answered the queries proposed in our last number, we must endeavour to supply that lack of service; for our readers must, and shall have such information as we can command.

1. "The tree of life." The tree of life was a real tree, which grew and flourished like the other trees of Paradise, perhaps excelling them in the beauty of its foliage and the richness of its fruit. There is not much said respecting this remarkable tree, but, from the brief intimations which are found in several parts of Scripture, its use appears to have been two-fold. 1. It was a natural means of preserving man's body in a state of life and vigour. Its medicinal and life-preserving properties are referred to four times in the Book of Proverbs, iii. 18, xi. 30, xiii. 12, XV. 14. 2. Its use was also probably sacramental-intended to remind man of the promise of immortality, and the conditions on which alone his immortality and happiness could be secured. Hence this tree was placed in the most conspicuous part of Paradise-being" in the midst of the garden." So long as man retained his innocence he had free access to this tree, but when he fell, he forfeited his immortality, and, therefore, could no longer be allowed the use of that which was both a symbol of his immortality, and the natural means provided by God for preserv ing his physical nature from decay. "So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden cherubims and a flaming sword, which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life."

2. When it is said that God made coats of skins for our first parents, and clothed them therewith, it is not meant either that God specially created these skins, or that he transformed skins into garments by any special interposition of his own

power, but that he directed Adam and Eve to make such use of them; for in Scripture language God is frequently said to do a thing, when he merely directs it to be done by others. But from whence were these skins derived? They were not, we say, specially created to supply the present exigency, for they were the proper skins of animals-they had once been the natural covering of the animals to which they had belonged. There is much instruction couched in this fact. The animals must have been slain, and their skins stripped off by the hand of Adam. This act must have transpired for some reason. What was it? It could not be the necessity of food, for the natural productions of the earth, which as yet had scarcely felt the effects of the curse, must have yielded abundance of food for two individuals. If these animals were not required for food, why then were they slain? For sacrifice. But if for sacrifice, there must have been a revelation from heaven directing our fallen parents to adopt such a peculiar mode of worship. There must also have been repentance, faith, and a return to obedience, as their compliance with the Divinely appointed remedy implies. This compliance, too, with God's conditions, implies, we think, a reconciliation on the part of God. Thus we have before us a fact which greatly relieves the dense gloom that rested on the awful scene, shedding upon the mind of the reader the comforting hope that our fallen, but penitent, believing, and sacrificing parents, ere they were banished from the garden of Eden, had found mercy through the promised Redeemer. Though forbidden longer to pluck the fruit of the natural tree of life, they had found access to the spiritual tree of life, and partaken the fruits of salvation; and though banished from an earthly Paradise, there was enkindled in their sorrowful bosoms

the consoling hope of an ever-verdant, blooming, and sinless Paradise above.

As we have not room for answers

to other questions, we refer the reader to the Editor's Desk, in the "Juvenile Instructor," where he will find answers to two of them.

MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES, ANECDOTES, &c.

ON THE PEACE MOVEMENT, WITH SOME ACCOUNT OF THE LATE PEACE CONGRESS, AT PARIS.

BY D. OLDHAM.

WHEN a number of human beings meet together for the first time to deliberate on any subject, be that subject ever so benevolent, and their own individual motives ever so pure, they must of necessity, if they be men of experience, regard each other with more or less of apprehension, lest the affairs under consideration may not be so conducted as to lead to a favourable issue; lest among so many, heretofore entire strangers to each other, differences of opinion may arise, and so prevent a full and hearty concurrence in carrying into active operation the desirable results at first contemplated. If, however, such an assembly be composed of men who, on the general question coming before them, are right-minded and well informed as to its chief aspect and bearing, a very brief intercourse will be sufficient to familiarize them to each other; strangeness will wear off, mistrust will vanish, unanimity of sentiment will ripen into friendship, suspicion will give way to affectionate reciprocations and mutual confidence.

Feelings and impressions like these pervaded the members of the Peace Congress, when on the morning of the 23rd of last August they again assembled to proceed with their important deliberations. A single day of friendly intercourse had proved sufficient to remove every painful forboding as to the favourable result of their consultations. From the first every one wished, and hoped and ardently desired unanimity. This was fondly presumed to be practicable. The certainty of its realization was now joyfully believed. We had sincerely desired to be united, and we now felt that we

were so. It was, therefore, with indescribable emotions of cheerfulness, which pervaded throughout the whole assembly, that we took our seats in the hall, which now presented a scene of unusual activity and bustle, from the increased number of spectators now seeking admission. The body of the salle was closely crowded, and the galleries were filled with elegantly dressed women, belonging, I presume, to most European nations, but chiefly Parisians. Shortly all was silent attention, when the chairman rose and said, "The society has received communications from six townsBerlin, Breslau, Dantzic, Calvet, Jeansburg, and Cassel, through M. Borenstad, secretary of the German Peace Society, giving in their full and hearty adhesion to the objects which the Congress have in view." A vote of thanks passed by acclamation.

M. Coquerel next rose, and announced to the meeting, that the Minister of Public Works, in Paris, had signified that all the public buildings in the French capital, and its vicinity, would be freely open to all the strangers who had come to the Congress; and particularly to the English and the Americans, on the exhibition of their " cards" iden tifying them as members of the Peace Society. A vote of thanks to the honourable minister was passed, with three cheers in the good old English style.

Jerusalem now came in remembrance. Mr. Richard, the English secretary, informing the meeting that a gentleman was wishful to submit a proposition: That this renowned city, which had now for many cen

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