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Grievingly I think,

The peace between the French and us not values The coft that did conclude it.


Every man,

After the hideous ftorm that follow'd, was

"Towardys this vyage

"What in horfes and other aray
"Hath compelled me for to lay
"All my land to mortgage."

Chapman has introduced the fame idea into his verfion of the fecond Iliad:


Proud-girle-like, that doth ever beare her dowre upon her backe." STEEVENS.

So, in King John:

"Rash, inconfiderate, fiery voluntaries,

"Have fold their fortunes at their native homes,

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Bearing their birth-rights proudly on their backs,

"To make a hazard of new fortunes here."

Again, in Camden's Remains, 1605: "There was a noble. man merrily conceited, and riotously given, that having lately fold a mannor of an hundred tenements, came ruffling into the court, faying, am not I a mighty man that beare an hundred houses on my backe?" MALONE.

See also Dodfley's Collection of Old Plays, edit. 1780, Vol. V. p. 26; Vol. XII. p. 395. REED.

So alfo Burton, in his Anatomy of Melancholy: ""Tis an ordinary thing to put a thousand oakes, or an hundred oxen, into a fute of apparell, to weare a whole manor on his back.” Edit. 1634, p. 482. WHALLEY.

1 What did this vanity,

But minifter &c.] What effect had this pompous show, but the production of a wretched conclufion. JOHNSON.

2 Every man,

After the hideous Storm that follow'd, &c.] From Holinfhed: 66 Monday the xviii. of June was fuch an hideous Storme of wind and weather, that many conjectured it did prognofticate trouble and hatred fhortly after to follow between princes."Dr. Warburton has quoted a fimilar paffage from Hall, whom VOL. XV.


A thing infpir'd; and, not confulting, broke
Into a general prophecy,―That this tempeft,
Dafhing the garment of this peace, aboded
The fudden breach on't.


Which is budded out;

For France hath flaw'd the league, and hath attach'd Our merchants' goods at Bourdeaux.


The ambaffador is filenc'd ? 3


Is it therefore

Marry, is't.

ABER. A proper title of a peace ;4 and purchas'd At a fuperfluous rate!


Why, all this business

Our reverend cardinal carried.5


'Like it your grace,

he calls Shakspeare's author; but Holinfhed, and not Hall, was his author: as is proved here by the words which I have printed in Italicks, which are not found fo combined in Hall's Chronicle. This fact is indeed proved by various circumstances. MALONE.

3 The ambajador is filene'd?] Silenc'd for recalled. This being proper to be faid of an orator; and an ambaffador or publick minifter being called an orator, he applies filenc'd to an ambaffador. WARBURTON.

I understand it rather of the French ambaffador refiding in England, who, by being refused an audience, may be faid to be filenc'd. JOHNSON.

4 A proper title of a peace;] A fine name of a peace. Ironically. JOHNSON.

So, in Macbeth:

"O proper ftuff!

"This is the very painting of your fear." STEEVENS.

S this business

Our reverend cardinal carried.] To carry a business was at this time a current phrafe for to conduct or manage it. So, in this Act:

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•he'd carry it fo,

"To make the scepter his." REED.

The state takes notice of the private difference
Betwixt you and the cardinal. I advise you,
(And take it from a heart that wishes towards you
Honour and plenteous fafety,) that you read
The cardinal's malice and his potency
Together to confider further, that

What his high hatred would effect, wants not
A minifter in his power: You know his nature,
That he's revengeful; and I know, his sword
Hath a fharp edge: it's long, and, it may be said,
It reaches far; and where 'twill not extend,
Thither he darts it. Bofom up my counsel,
You'll find it wholefome. Lo, where comes that

That I advise your shunning.

Enter Cardinal WOLSEY, (the Purfe borne before him,) certain of the Guard, and two Secretaries with Papers. The Cardinal in his Paffage fixeth his Eye on BUCKINGHAM, and BUCKINGHAM on him, both full of Difdain.

WOL. The duke of Buckingham's furveyor? ha? Where's his examination?


WOL. Is he in person ready?


Here, fo please you.

Ay, please your grace.

WOL. Well, we fhall then know more; and


Shall leffen this big look.

[Exeunt WOLSEY, and Train.

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—comes that rock,] To make the rock come, is not very

juft. JOHNSON.

BUCK. This butcher's cur is venom-mouth'd,

and I

Have not the power to muzzle him; therefore, best Not wake him in his flumber. A beggar's book

Out-worths a noble's blood.8


What, are you chaf'd? Ask God for temperance; that's the appliance only, Which your disease requires.


I read in his looks Matter against me; and his eye revil'd

Me, as his abject object: at this inftant

He bores me with fome trick:9 He's gone to the


I'll follow, and out-ftare him.


Stay, my lord,


butcher's cur-] Wolfey is faid to have been the fon of a butcher.


Dr. Grey obferves, that when the death of the Duke of Buckingham was reported to the Emperor Charles V. he faid, "The firit buck of England was worried to death by a butcher's dog." Skelton, whofe fatire is of the groffeft kind, in Why come you not to Court, has the fame reflection on the meanness of Cardinal Wolfey's birth:

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"For drede of the boucher's dog,

* Wold wirry them like an hog." STEEVENS.

A beggar's book

Out-worths a noble's blood.] That is, the literary qualifications of a bookish beggar are more prized than the high descent of hereditary greatnefs. This is a contemptuous exclamation very naturally put into the mouth of one of the ancient, unlettered, martial nobility. JOHNSON.

It ought to be remembered that the speaker is afterward pronounced by the King himself a learned gentleman. RITSON. 9 He bores me with some trick:] He ftabs or wounds me by fome artifice or fiction. JOHNSON.

So, in The Life and Death of Lord Cromwell, 1602:

"One that hath gull'd you, that hath bor'd you, fir."


And let your reafon with your choler queftion
What 'tis you go about: To climb steep hills,
Requires flow pace at first: Anger is like


A full-hot horfe; who being allow'd his way,
Self-mettle tires him. Not a man in England
Can advise me like you: be to yourself

As you would to your friend.


And from a mouth of honour

I'll to the king;

quite cry down

This Ipfwich fellow's infolence; or proclaim,
There's difference in no perfons.


Be advis'd;
Heat not a furnace for your foe so hot
That it do finge yourself:3 We may outrun,
By violent swiftness, that which we run at,
And lofe by over-running. Know you not,
The fire, that mounts the liquor till it run o'er,
In feeming to augment it, waftes it? Be advis'd:
I fay again, there is no English soul

More ftronger to direct you than yourself;
If with the fap of reafon you would quench,

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Anger is like

A full-hot horfe;] So, Maffinger, in The Unnatural Combat:

"Let paffion work, and, like a hot-rein'd horse,
""Twill quickly tire itself." STEEVENS.

Again, in our author's Rape of Lucrece:


"Till, like a jade, felf-will himself doth tire."


-from a mouth of honour-] I will cruth this baseborn fellow, by the due influence of my rank, or say that all diftinction of perfons is at an end. JOHNSON.

3 Heat not a furnace &c.] Might not Shakspeare allude to Dan. iii. 22. ? "Therefore becaufe the king's commandment was urgent, and the furnace exceeding hot, the flame of fire flew thofe men that took up Shadrach, Meshac, and Abednego." STERVENS.

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