the family kitchen gardener

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Página 126 - ... 1828-9 it was almost detested ; in ten years more every variety of pill and panacea was " extract of Tomato." It now occupies as great a surface of ground as Cabbage, and is cultivated the length and breadth of the country. As a culinary dish it is on every table from July to October. Contiguous to large cities, where a high price is given for the first and earliest supply, the exertions of the experienced market gardener bring every operation to bear on its early maturity. It is brought to the...
Página 23 - ... spade. Stirring the bed in this manner enables the shoots to rise in free growth ; admits the air, rain, and sunshine into the ground, and encourages the roots to produce buds of a strong size. A full crop may be expected the fourth season after planting. The proper method...
Página 22 - ... the other side of the trench ; and, having the plants ready, set a row along the trench, nine inches apart, with the crown of the roots two inches below the surface, drawing some earth, just to fix them as placed. Having planted one row, directly cover them in...
Página 216 - THE FRUIT. — The common practice of picking the fruit with the footstalks attached, is one of the very worst systems, causing them to be handled and re-picked before they go to the table. Early in the morning take a vessel, basket, or box, of convenient size, and pick the fruit before it is softened by the sun. Lay hold of the calyx or cup at the base of the fruit, with the nail of the first finger and thumb of the left hand, and with the first finger of the right, give the fruit a gentle but quick...
Página 76 - Mushroom, from whhh it is distinguished by the cap being hollow within, and adhering to the stem by its base, and latticed on the surface with irregular sinuations. The height is about four inches. It is in perfection, and will be found from May to September, in wet banks, in woods, and in moist pastures, and should not be gathered when wet with dew. or soon after rain ; if gathered dry, they will keep several months.
Página 23 - Cover the whole of the bed with two or three inches of ma nure ; the alleys must be dug spade deep, at the same time spreading some soil over the manure on the beds, and leveling the whole evenly. It may be supposed that the annual dressing in this way will in a few years considerably raise the beds ; but by the Spring forking and raking, together with the hoeing and dressing during Summer, a considerable portion of the earth is being continually drawn again into the alleys. As soon as the frost...
Página 143 - The leaves have a more penetrating smell than any of the other mints, and a much warmer, pungent, glowing taste like pepper, sinking as it were into the tongue. The principal use of this herb is in flatulent colics, languors, and other like disorders; it seems to act as soon as taken, and extends its effects through the whole system, instantly communicating a glowing warmth. Water...
Página 150 - ... face of the stock downwards, and a similar one in the scion upwards. The tongue or wedge-like process, forming the upper part of the sloping face of the scion, is then inserted downwards in the cleft of the stock ; the inner barks of both being brought closely to unite on one side so as not to be displaced...
Página 140 - Coriandre, Fr. — Koriander, Ger. A NATIVE .of the southern parts of Europe, and of China. It is a hardy annual, and propagated from seed sown in Autumn, in an open situation, on a bed of good, fresh earth. The dried seeds of Coriander have a tolerably grateful smell, with a moderately warm and slightly pungent taste. They are carminative (soothing or softening) and stomachic ; and are commonly sold by the confectioners, encrusted with sugar. DILL. Anethum graveolens.
Página 139 - A NATIVE of many countries in the northern parts of Europe. It is biennial, and propagated by sowing the seeds in Spring The seeds of this plant are well known to have a pleasant, spicy smell, and a warm, aromatic taste ; and on that account they are much used as a common ingredient in cakes, and are encrusted in sugar for comfits ; they are also distilled with spirituous liquors, to improve their flavor. The tender leav« '°rj Spring are sometimes boiled in soups.

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