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abuses actions active acts administrative amnesty areas Argentine Armed Forces Army Corps arrest Astiz attempted authority Buenos Aires called Camps centers charges Chief civilian clandestine clear command Commission committed complaints CONADEP conduct Constitution continue Cordoba counts Court of Appeals crimes criminal December decision defendants demands democratic detention dirty disappeared Document due obedience duty ESMA established evidence expressed fact families Federal Court filed Final hearings held human rights institutions issued Jacobo Timerman Jorge judges Junta jurisdiction justice known later leaders major military murder named Navy obtained officers operations organizations participated party persons police political President Alfonsin prisoners proceedings prosecution prosecutor refused relatives remain repression respect responsible result role rule sentence significant Suarez Mason subversion Supreme Council Supreme Court taken took torture trial United victims witnesses
Página 15 - Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and on Economic and Social Rights.
Página 4 - Pueblo (ERP), achieved impressive growth and by the mid-1970s posed a serious challenge to the capacity of the armed and security forces to maintain order. Even so, the number of their adherents and their public support never reached a level that would have made them serious contenders for power; nor did they come close to being able to overthrow the government by force of arms. In response to this serious threat, the security forces and right-wing elements within the government of Isabel...
Página 15 - President Alfonsin submitted to Congress legislation raising the penalties for torture, and making it a crime to take over the government by force of arms. The crime of organizing a military coup would not be subject to a statute of limitations, and its prosecution would take place no matter what actions might be taken by the de facto regime to ensure its impunity.
Página 6 - Task forces of the armed services throughout the country, sometimes acting as combined forces, were detailed to arrest suspected subversives without warrant; to avoid identification of the captors; to take the detainees to clandestine detention camps, generally within military or police facilities; and to disclaim any knowledge of the whereabouts of their prisoners. In those camps, prisoners were interrogated under the most severe forms of torture to obtain intelligence about other potential targets.
Página 82 - Constitution 1998 ("This Constitution, the laws of the Nation enacted by Congress in pursuance thereof, and treaties with foreign powers, are the supreme law of the Nation...").
Página 5 - Peron, were the reasons set forth for the coup of March 26, 1976, in which the Commandersin-Chief of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force overthrew the elected government and instituted themselves as a Junta, and as the supreme power of the land. The Junta appointed General Jorge Rafael Videla, Commander-in-Chief of the Army, as the President; dissolved the Congress; and replaced eighty percent of the judges. The Junta "suspended...
Página 12 - We share the sense of disappointment others have expressed that an occasion has been lost to begin the resolution of this question. It is an issue which the Argentines themselves must resolve. We have consistently encouraged the authorities to provide as complete a report as possible on the fate of the disappeared.
Página 18 - This law provided that all crimes committed by members of the security forces in the context of anti-subversive operations since 1973 should be tried by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces. It also provided for an appeal to the civilian Federal Courts of...
A Miracle, A Universe: Settling Accounts with Torturers
Vista previa limitada - 1998
For la Patria: Politics and the Armed Forces in Latin America
Vista previa limitada - 1999