Anthropocentrism and Its Discontents: The Moral Status of Animals in the History of Western Philosophy

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University of Pittsburgh Pre, 2010 M08 1 - 344 páginas
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Anthropocentrism and Its Discontents is the first-ever comprehensive examination of views of animals in the history of Western philosophy, from Homeric Greece to the twentieth century.

In recent decades, increased interest in this area has been accompanied by scholars' willingness to conceive of animal experience in terms of human mental capacities: consciousness, self-awareness, intention, deliberation, and in some instances, at least limited moral agency.  This conception has been facilitated by a shift from behavioral to cognitive ethology (the science of animal behavior), and by attempts to affirm the essential similarities between the psychophysical makeup of human beings and animals.

Gary Steiner sketches the terms of the current debates about animals and relates these to their historical antecedents, focusing on both the dominant anthropocentric voices and those recurring voices that instead assert a fundamental kinship relation between human beings and animals.  He concludes with a discussion of the problem of balancing the need to recognize a human indebtedness to animals and the natural world with the need to preserve a sense of the uniqueness and dignity of the human individual.

 

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Contenido

Introduction
1
Chapter 1
4
Chapter 2
38
Chapter 3
53
Chapter 4
93
Chapter 5
112
Chapter 6
132
Chapter 7
153
Chpater 8
172
Chapter 9
202
Chapter 10
223
Notes
253
Bibliography
311
Index
325
Back Cover
333
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Acerca del autor (2010)

Gary Steiner is John Howard Harris Professor of Philosophy at Bucknell University. He is the author of Animals and the Moral Community: Mental Life, Moral Status, and Kinship, and Descartes as a Moral Thinker: Christianity, Technology, Nihilism. He is also the translator of Prauss’s Knowing and Doing in Heidegger’s “Being and Time” and Löwith’s Martin Heidegger and European Nihilism.

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