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rifhment and repofe, and made him dictate to seven secretaries at a time); the juft feverity, which, though it compelled him to put many perfons to death, never exerted itself on any whose crimes had not deserved it; and above all, that noble and generous difinterestedness, which kept him poor in the midft of fuch vaft heaps of wealth; we may truly fay, that Mafaniello was endowed with all thofe qualifications, high birth excepted, that conftitute the GREAT MAN, and which muft render his name immortal.

The policy of the viceroy, in caufing Mafaniello to be put to death, has admitted of fome doubt. For, although the fedition which he was the firft promoter of, seemingly tended to the hurt of the ftate, and the weakening of the fovereign authority, yet his loyalty to the king of Spain, throughout the whole, was never to be doubted: And the very abolishment of the gabels would, inftead of leffening his revenue, have proved beneficial to his Catholic Majefty, as Mafa-, niello had taken measures for prefenting him with a very large donative, had he lived.

Having mentioned the ingratitude of the people of Naples, in forfaking their great deGg 2 liverer,

liverer, and fuffering his remains to receive the indignities they did, it is but reasonable that we notice the forrow and penitence which they afterwards expreffed for it. His remains being collected, it was refolved in a general affembly of the people, who were gathered together on purpose, that he deferved to receive all the honours due to the captain-general of Naples. He was accordingly buried on the 17th, with all the folemnities which are commonly used at the funeral of a martial commander.

Upon this occafion his corpfe was preceded by above five hundred priests and religious, and followed by forty thousand men in arms. As the proceffion passed by the palace of the Viceroy, his Excellency, to conform to the present temper of the people, fent eight of his pages, with flambeaux in their hands, to join in it, and at the fame time ordered the guard to falute the body. Being arrived at the cathedral, he was there interred, amidst the tears and lamentations of an infinite multitude, who showed so much respect and veneration for his duft, that it might be faid, that, in less than three days, Mafaniello was obeyed like a monarch, murdered like a villain, and revered like a faint.

Not many days after Mafaniello's death, the Viceroy made Julio Genovino prefident of one of the courts of justice, and bestowed on him other public marks of his favour: which, added to a discovery of an article in the treaty of accommodation, that had not been read at its first publication, and which annulled all the others, alarmed the whole city; and the people flying once more to their arms, a civil war enfued, which in the end proved fatal to the Spaniards.

Job Lousley & Book


West Hagbours. Berks,

Page 335. line 6. from bottom. For feeit read fee it.

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