Peronism Without PerÃ³n: Unions, Parties, and Democracy in Argentina
Stanford University Press, 1999 M02 1 - 388 páginas
Peronism, the Argentine political movement created by Juan Perón in the 1940's, has revolved since its inception around a personalistic leader, a set of powerful trade unions, and a weakly institutionalized political party. This book examines why Peronism continued to be weakly institutionalized as a party after Perón was overthrown in 1955 and argues that this weakness has impeded the consolidation of Argentine democracy.
Within an analysis of Peronism from 1943 to 1995, the author pays special attention to the 1962-66 and 1984-88 periods, when some Peronist politicians and union leaders tried, but failed, to strengthen the party structure. By identifying the forces that led to these efforts of party-building and by analyzing the counterforces that thwarted them, he shows how these failures have shaped Argentina's experience with democracy.
Drawing on this interpretation of Peronism and its place in Argentine politics, the book develops a distributive conflict/political party explanation for Argentina's democratic instability and contrasts it to alternatives that stress economic dependency, populist economic policies, political culture, and military interventionism.
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62 de Pie Alfonsín allies Alonso anti-Peronist Argen Argentina Authoritarianism Buenos Aires Cafiero campaign candidates Carlos Carlos Menem CGT's Clarín congress Córdoba coup democracy democratic consolidation dirty war economic elections electoral Eva Perón faction factors federal capital Framini Frondizi García hard-liners human rights Illia industrial Informes Laborales interview Isabel Perón José Juan Juan Perón July La Nación labor movement Latin American legislative Lorenzo Miguel Mendoza Menem metalworkers military Nación national deputy neo-Peronist parties O'Donnell officers Olmos Onganía Partido Peronista party institutionalization party-building project percent Perón Peronism Peronism's Peronist movement Peronist party Peronist union leaders plebiscitarian political parties Político Politics in Argentina president presidential Primera Plana provinces Radical Raúl Alfonsín reforms regime renewal sector role Serú sindical Sindicalismo strikes tion Triaca Ubaldini Ubaldinistas Unión Cívica Radical union leadership Unión Popular unionists Vandor Vandorists vote wage