The Age of Mass Migration: Causes and Economic Impact
About 55 million Europeans migrated to the New World between 1850 and 1914, landing in North and South America and in Australia. This mass migration marked a profound shift in the distribution of global population and economic activity. In this book, Timothy J. Hatton and Jeffrey G. Williamson describe the migration and analyze its causes and effects. Their study offers a comprehensive treatment of a vital period in the modern economic development of the Western world. Moreover, it explores questions that we still debate today: Why does a nation's emigration rate typically rise with early industrialization? How do immigrants choose their destinations? Are international labor markets segmented? Do immigrants "rob" jobs from locals? What impact do migrants have on living standards in the host and sending countries? Did mass migration make an important contribution to the catching-up of poor countries on rich? Did it create a globalization backlash? This work takes a new view of mass migration. Although often bold and controversial in method, it is the first to assign an explicitly economic interpretation to this important social phenomenon. The Age of Mass Migration will be useful to all students of migration, and to anyone interested in economic growth and globalization.
Comentarios de la gente - Escribir un comentario
Otras ediciones - Ver todas
abroad agriculture American analysis Argentina average Brazil Britain capital capital deepening catch-up census chain migration chapter coefficient column counterfactual countries debate decade decline demographic Denmark dependent variable destination dummy earnings economic effects emigration rates employment rate equation estimates Europe European emigration evidence farm figure flows foreign foreign-born globalization Gráda gration gross emigration growth guestworker Hatton immi Immigration Commission impact income industrial inequality Ireland Irish emigration Italian emigration Italy labor force labor market labor scarcity labor supply lagged late nineteenth late-nineteenth-century long-run lower mass migrations migrant stock native native-born natural increase nineteenth century Norway Old World output population Portugal proportion rate of natural real wage convergence regions regression relative reported return migration rise Scandinavian share significant skilled Spain statistics Sweden Swedish thousand tion trade trend United Kingdom unskilled urban vergence wage gap wage rates wage ratio Williamson 1995 workers