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EPUB since the perverse tempers of mankind, since oppression on one side, and ambition on the other, are sometimes the unavoidable occasions of war ; that courage, that magnanimity, and resolution, which is born with you, cannot be too much commended: and here it grieves me that I am scanted in the pleasure of dwelling many of your actions : but aidéopro Tpmees is an expression which Tully often used, when he would do what he dares not, and fears the censure of the Ro


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I have sometimes been forced to amplify on others; but here, where the subject is so fruitful that the harvest overcomes the

reaper, I am shortened by my chain, and can only see what is forbidden me to reach : since it is not permitted me to commend you according to the extent of my wishes, and much less is it in my power to make my commendations equal to your merits. Yet, in this frugality of your praises, there are some things which I cannot omit, without detracting from your character. You have so formed your own education as enables



the debt you owe your country; or, more properly speaking, both your countries : because you were born, I may almost fay in purple, at the castle of Dublin, when your grandfather was

lordlieutenant, and have fince been bred in the court of England.

If this address had been in verse, I might have called you, as Claudian calls Mercury, "Numen commune, “ gemino faciens commercia mụndo.” The better to satisfy this double obligation, you have early cultivated В.




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the genius your have to arms, that when the service of Britain or Ireland shall require your courage, and your conduct, you may exert them both to the benefit of either country. You began in the cabinet what you afterwards practised in the camp; and thus both Lucullus and Cæsar (to omit a crowd of shining Romans) formed themselves to war by the study of history, and by the examples of the greatest captains, both of Greece and Italy, before their time. I name those two commanders in particular, because they were better read in chronicle than any of the Roman leaders ; and that Lucullus in particular, having only the theory of war from books, was thought fit, without practice, to be sent into the field, against the most formidable enemy of Rome. Tully indeed was called the learned consul in derifion; but then he was not born a soldier : his head was turned another way : when he read the Tacticks, he was thinking on the bar, which was his field of battle. The knowledge of warfare is thrown away on a general who dares not make use of what he knows. I commend it only in a man of courage and resolution ; in him it will direct his martial spirit; and teach him the way to the best victories, which are those that are least bloody, and which, though atchieved by the hand, are managed by the head. Science distin. guishes a man of honour from one of those athletic brutes whom undeservedly we call heroes. Cursed be the poet, who first honoured with that name a meer Ajax, a man-killing ideot. The Ulyffes of Ovid upbraids his ignorance, that he understood not the field


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for which he pleaded : there were engraven on it, plans of cities, and maps of countries, which Ajax could not comprehend, but looked on them as stupidly as his fellow-beast the lion. But, on the other side, your Grace has given yourself the education of his rival : you have studied every spot of ground in Flanders, which for these ten years paft has been the scene of battles and of fieges. No wonder if you performed your part with fuch applause on a theatre which you understood so well.

If I designed this for a poetical encomium, it were easy to enlarge on fo copious a subject; but, confining myself to the severity of truth, and to what is becoming me to say, I must not only pass over many instances of your military ikill, but also those of


assiduous diligence in the war: and of your personal bravery, attended with an ardent thirst of honour; a long train of generosity; profuseness of doing good; a soul unsatisfied with all it has done; and an unextinguished defire of doing more.

But all this is matter for your own historians; I am, as Virgil says, “ Spatiis exclusus iniquis."

Yet, not to be wholly silent of all your charities, I must stay a little on one action, which preferred the relief of others to the consideration of yourself. When, in the battle of Landen, your heat of courage (a fault only pardonable to your youth) had transported you so far before your friends, that they were unable to follow, much less to succour you ; when you were not only dangerously, but in all appearance mortally wound


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ed, when in that desperate condition you were made prisoner, and carried to Namur, at that time in poffeffion of the French; then it was, my lord, that you took a considerable part of what was remitted to you of your own revenues, and as a memorable infance of your heroic charity, put it into the hands of count Guiscard, who was governor of the place, to be diftributed among your fellow-prisoners. The French commander, charmed with the greatness of your soul, accordingly consigned it to the use for which it was intended by the donor: by which means the lives of so many miserable men were saved, and a comfortable provision made for their subsistence, who had otherwise perished, had not you been the companion of their miffortunei or rather fent by Providence, like another Jofeph, to keep out famine from invading those whom in humility you

called your brethren. How happy was it for those poor creatures, that your Grace was made their fellow-fufferer! and how glorious for you, that you chose to want, rather than not relieve the wants of others ! The heathen poet, in commending the charity of I Dido to the Trojans, spoke like a christian ; “ Non igpara mali, miferis fuccurrere disco." All men, even those of a different interest, and contrary principles, mult praise this action, as the most eminent for piety, not only in this degenerate age, but almost in any of the former ; when men were made “ de meliore luto;" when examples of charity were frequent, and when they were in being, “ T'eucri pulcherrima proles, magnanimi heroes naci mclioribus annis." No envy can


detract from this : it will shine in history; and, like [wans, grow whiter the longer it endures : and the name of ORMOND will be more celebrated in his

cap tivity, than in his greatest triumphs.

But all actions of your grace are of a piece; as waters keep the tenor of their fountains: your compassion is general, and has the same effect as well on enemies as friends. It is so much in your nature to do good, that

your life is but one continued act of placing benefits on many, as the sun is always carrying his light to fome part or other of the world: and were it not that your reason guides you where to give, I might almost say that you could not help bestowing more, than is consisting with the fortune of a private man, or with the will of any but an Alexander.

What wonder is it then, that, being born for a bleffing to mankind, your supposed death in that engagement was fo generally lamented through the nation ! The concernment for it was as universal as the loss : and though the gratitude might be counterfeit in fome, yet the tears of all were real : where every man deplored his private part in that calamity, and even those, who had not tasted of your favours, yet built so much on the fame of your beneficence, that they bemoaned the lofs of their expectations.

This brought the untimely death of your great father into fresh remembrance; as if the same decree had passed on two, short successive generations of the virtuous; and I repeated to myself the same verses, which I had formerly applied to him : “Ostendunt terris hunc tantùm


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