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Plantagenet, and Tudor kings were arbitrary rulers, yet powerless to prevent innumerable acts of oppression, cruelty, and wrong, and had themselves small feeling for suffering. None but a highwayman would have stopped a coach in the last century, though it were likely to run over a woman or child. Now persons of high rank are ordered about by a policeman, and bidden to stop or go this way or that as he directs

. When a fire takes place, the neighbouring houses may be injured or destroyed, and their inmates turned into the street, to prevent the conflagration from spreading. Men are compelled to vaccinate their children, to send them to school, to serve on juries themselves, and try prisoners, at great inconvenience and loss; and they would be forced to bear arms as soldiers in defence of the country were it invaded. The notions of some politicians about liberty are partly survivals of muddy eighteenth century theories of natural rights, and partly results of thoughtlessness respecting the nature and objects of civil government, and the numerous restraints it imposes which they never think of disputing. It is not on behalf of landlords and agents alone that preventive measures against outrage are needed in Ireland, but also of thousands of peaceable, industrious, and thrifty tenants and their families. At a public meeting a few weeks ago Mr. Parnell's secretary spoke with theatrical and grotesque commiseration of the anxiety an assassin, who had shot a man a few days before, must have endured while lying in wait for his victim. Think of the anguish of mind he must have suffered during those hours!' Good citizens are likely to think more of the anguish of mind in the homes of honest men who are liable to be fired at through their windows at night, dragged out of bed, carded, cruelly beaten, mutilated, and finally perhaps murdered, for paying their debts, or farming land that had never been decently farmed before. Principles adverse to that of the general good, Bentham has contemptuously characterised as maxims of sympathy and antipathy. Punish as you hate ; if you hate not, punish not at all.” There are doubtless persons who, exasperated at the fiendish outrages committed in Ireland, are disposed to punish as they hate ; yet the politicians who oppose the coercive measures necessary to prevent their commission, because their own anger and antipathy are not aroused in the cause of Irish landlords, may be more cold blooded, but are not less irrational. Among the measures most urgently needed is a change in the Irish jury system. A country of which most of the inhabitants resembled Lord O'Hagan would have small need of any criminal jury system at all; but the noble lord overestimated the stage of advancement his own country had attained, and the Jury Act that goes by his name is an obstacle to its attainment.5

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5 A resident magistrate of great ability and long experience says on this subject : • No amelioration of affairs can be expected until crime is punished, and that cannot be as long as the present jury system exists. From the class from which petty jurors are taken emanate agrarian outrages, disaffection, and perjury. It is childish

Repression of agrarian crime is an indispensable step towards the solution of the Irish land question, but it is only a step. It will never be solved until so large a number of the Irish people are on the side of landed property that its rights are sacred in the eyes of the majority. “Fixity of tenure, fair rents, and free sale,' would stop short of creating a multitude of families interested in the maintenance of landownership, and taking a pride and a pleasure in it. Acute logicians like Lord Sherbrooke will easily find objections to any plan of diffusing landownership by the intervention of the State. But logicians should remember Archbishop Whately's refutation of “the fallacy of objections,' that is to say, of concluding that a system is untenable because some objections may be urged against it. The true question is whether there are not greater objections to its rejection. There may be risk in adopting it, but much greater danger in turning away from it for fear of them. The British Empire is surrounded with risks; so is every undertaking in life. There is risk in going out of one's house; but the slothful man who says, there is a lion without,' is more likely to perish by bringing the wolf to his door.

T. E. C. LESLIE.

to expect such a tribunal to punish the guilty. Nothing takes the heart out of all entrusted with the administration of the law so much as to see, assizes after assizes, juries retiring to “consider their verdict,” and returning half an hour afterwards to affirm that in their belief the accused did not commit the offence with which he has been charged, though proved in the clearest manner.

NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. Communications to the Editor should be addressed to him at

39 Paternoster Row, E.C.

As the Magazine has an ample staf of Contributors, MSS. are not invited without previous correspondence, and uninvited MSS. cannot be returned ezcept at the convenience of the Editor. No copies of verses can be returned.

INDEX

TO

VOL. XXII. NEW SERIES.

JI2

• AFFAIR SIMPSON' (The), by H. J. M., English Rural Walk (An), by T. E
743

Kebbel, 686
Artist (An) on Art, by Harry Quilter,

FIRST RADICAL, The Romance of the: a
199
Artist (The): a Sonnet, 47

Pre-historic Apologue, by A. Lang,

289
Asia Minor, A Forgotten Empire in, by
Professor A. H. Sayce, 223

Forgotten Empire in Asia Minor (A), by

Professor A. H. Sayce, 223
Austrian Power (The), by Edward A.
Freeman, 29

Forgotten Hero (A), by Annie Walker,

775
Autumn in the Côte-d'Or (An), by Miss
M. Betham-Edwards, 357

Frances Ridley Havergal, by P. Anton,

479
BATHER'S IDEAL (A), by Ernest Myers,
276

GREEK HAMLET (A), 511
Béranger: his Songs and Politics, by

HAMLET (A Greek), 511
Mrs. Eliza Clarke, 175

Havergal (Frances Ridley), by P. Ar-
Blues and Buffs : a Sketch of a Con-

ton, 479
tested Election, by an M.P., I

Hero, A Forgotten, by Annie Walker,
Bugle, The, by J. D. Hoppus, 684

775
Cabul, Candahar, and India, by Sir Historical Love Match (An), by Alex.
Sir George W. Cox, Bart., 408

C. Ewald, 462
Calladon, by Julian Hawthorne, 383 Horses and their Feet, by Sir George
Capital, the Old Pacific, by Robert L. W. Cox, Bart., 784
Stevenson, 647

Hospital Nursing, by H. C. Burdett,
Celtic College, an Early, by Hugh Mac-
millan, D.D., 578

House of Lords (The) and Popular Edu-
Characters, Overbury's, by James Pur- cation, by An Old Educationalist, 261
Copyright, Landowning and, by Grant

INDIA, The Natives of, by Lord North-
Allen, 343

brook, 721

Inverawe and Ticonderoga, by the Very
Côte-d'Or, An Autumn in the, by Miss

Rev. the Dean of Westminster, 501,
M. Betham-Edwards, 357

Irish Land Question (The), by T. E.
Creeds and Creed-Subscription, by A

Cliffe Leslie, 828
Broad Churchman, 696
Daisy (One) and Two Violets, by Alex-

Job, The Book of: a Literary and Bio-
ander Anderson, 806

graphical Study, by Professor T. K.
Dax, by R. Herbert Story, D.D., 541

Cheyne, 126
Diamonds, Natural and Artificial, by LAND QUESTION, The Irish, by T. E.
Agnes M. Clerke, 81

Cliffe Leslie, 828
EARLY CELTIC COLLEGE (An), by Hugh Landowning and Copyright, by Grant
Macmillan, D.D., 578

Allen, 343
Easy Methods, by T. E. Cliffe Leslie, Leaders (Political) and the Political
425

Future, 561
Economical Reform at Oxford, by an London, the Water Supply of, by F. R.
Oxford Tutor, 548

Conder, 185
Education and Boots, by The Riverside Love Match, An Historical, by Alex. C.
Visitor,' 640

Ewald, 462
Endymion,' 705

Lux in Tenebris, by the late Lady Char-
English Pauperism: its Wrong and

lotte Elliot, 407
Remedy, by the Rev. W. Lewery Lyric Poetry, Three Phases of, by Tho-
Blackley, 528

mas Bayne, 627

ves, 376

MARY ANERLEY: a Yorkshire Tale, by · Political Parties, Parliamentary Diffi-
R. D. Blackmore :

culties and, 279
Chap. XLVI. Stumped out, 73

Popular Education, The House of Lords
XLVII. A Tangle of Veins, 80 and, by an Old Educationalist, 261
XLVIII. Short Sighs, and Long Popular Stories, The Migration of, by
Ones, 89

Sir George W. Cox, Bart., 96
XLIX. A Bold Angler, 234

Power, The Austrian, by Edward A.
L. Princely Treatment, 239

Freeman, 29
LI. Stand and Deliver, 244

Prison Visiting, by F. M. F. Skene, 762
LII, The Scarfe, 250

Problem (The) of Railway Safety, by
LIII. Butts Rebutted, 255

F. R. Conder, 798
LIV. True Love, 318

RAILWAY SAFETY, The Problem of, by
LV. Nicholas the Fish, 324 F. R. Conder, 798
LVI. In the Thick of It, 331 Rajah Yayati, The Penitence of, by
LVII. Mary Lyth, 335

Frederika Macdonald, 816
Methods (Easy), by T. E. Cliffe Leslie, Religious Poem (A) of the Ninth Cen-

tury, by Professor Gibb, 658
425

Results (The) of the Session, 417
Migration of Popular Stories (The), by
Sir George W. Cox, Bart., 96

Romance (The) of the First Radical : a
Ministry (The) and its Work, 135

Prehistoric Apologue, by A. Lang,
Montaigne as an Educationalist, by Pro-

289
fessor S. S. Laurie, 60

Rumpty-Dudget, by Julian Hawthorne,
Morris (Lewis), The Poetry of, by Tho-

437
mas Bayne, 48

Rural Walk, An English, by T. E. Keb-

bel, 686
NATIVES OF INDIA (The), by Lord Russel of "The Scotsman,' by H. G.
Northbrook, 721

Graham, 301
Ninth Century, A Religious Poem of Russia and China, by Demetrius Charles
the, by Professor Gibb, 658

Boulger, 164
Nursing (Hospital), by H. O. Burdett,

SANITARY REFORMER, Woman as a, by

Dr. B. W. Richardson, F.R.S., 667
OLDEST STATE IN EUROPE, A Visit to • Scotsman' (The), Russel of, by H.
the, by J. Theodore Bent, 808

G. Graham, 301
Old Pacific Capital (The), by Robert L. Scotsman's (The) Return from Abroad,
Stevenson, 647

624
Overbury's Characters, by James Purves, Sempill's (Mr.) Settlement, by Alexan-
376

der Allardyce, 595
PARLIAMENTARY DIFFICULTIES AND Po-

Sequelæ (The) of the General Election,
LITICAL PARTIES, 279

397
Pauper Children in Scotland, The Up- Sonnet, by Alexander Anderson, 527
bringing of, by John Skelton, 212

Sonnet, by P. P. A., 163
Pauperism (English), its Wrong and Sugar Question (The), by George Baden-
Remedy, by Rev. W. Lewery Black-

Powell, 367
ley, 528

THEEDA : an Allegory, by Julian Haw-
Peace-at-any-Price Party (The), by thorne, 145
William Pollard, 490

UP-BRINGING (The) of Pauper Children
Penitence (The) of Rajah Yayati, by

in Scotland, by John Skelton, 212
Frederika Macdonald, 816
Phases (Three) of Lyric Poetry, by

VISIT (A) to the Oldest State in Europe,
Thomas Bayne, 627

by J. Theodore Bent, 808
Poetry (The) of Lewis Morris, by Tho- WATER SUPPLY of London (The), by
mas Bayne, 48

F. R. Conder, 185
Political Leaders and the Political Fu- Woman as a Sanitary Reformer, by Dr.
ture, 561

B. W. Richardson, F.R.S., 667

II2

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