The Physical Geography of South America
Thomas T. Veblen, Kenneth R. Young, Kenneth R.. Young, A. R. Orme
Oxford University Press, 2007 - 361 páginas
The Physical Geography of South America, the eighth volume in the Oxford Regional Environments series, presents an enduring statement on the physical and biogeographic conditions of this remarkable continent and their relationships to human activity. It fills a void in recent environmental literature by assembling a team of specialists from within and beyond South America in order to provide an integrated, cross-disciplinary body of knowledge about this mostly tropical continent, together with its high mountains and temperate southern cone. The authors systematically cover the main components of the South American environment - tectonism, climate, glaciation, natural landscape changes, rivers, vegetation, animals, and soils. The book then presents more specific treatments of regions with special attributes from the tropical forests of the Amazon basin to the Atacama Desert and Patagonian steppe, and from the Atlantic, Caribbean, and Pacific coasts to the high Andes. Additionally, the continents environments are given a human face by evaluating the roles played by people over time, from pre-European and European colonial impacts to the effects of modern agriculture and urbanization, and from interactions with El Niï¿½o events to prognoses for the future environments of the continent.
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activity agriculture Amazon Amazonia Andean annual areas Argentina arid associated Atlantic basin Brazil caatinga cause central changes chapter Chile cities climate coast coastal communities continent Cordillera cover crops distribution diversity dominated early eastern Ecology ecosystems Ecuador Editors effects elevations ENSO environmental environments erosion et al example extensive Figure fire flood flow forest glacial global human impacts important increase influence Journal lakes land landscape late less lower lowlands major mammals Monte natural Niño northern occur Ocean origin Pacific past Patagonia patterns Perú plant plate Pleistocene population precipitation present Press processes production rain rainfall range rates recent record region relatively result rivers Science seasonal sediment slopes soil South America southern species surface tectonic temperature tion trees tropical types University urban valleys vegetation warm western winds World York zone