In Search of Personal Welfare: A View of Ancient Chinese Religion

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SUNY Press, 1998 M01 1 - 331 páginas
This book is the first major reassessment of ancient Chinese religion to appear in recent years. It provides a historical investigation of broadly shared religious beliefs and goals in ancient China from the earliest period to the end of the Han Dynasty. The author makes use of recently acquired archeological data, traditional texts, and modern scholarly work from China, Japan, and the West. The overall concern of this book is to try to reach the religious mentality of the ancient Chinese in the context of personal and daily experiences. Poo deals with such problems as the definition of religion, the popular/elite controversy in methodology, and the use of "elite" documents in the study of ordinary life.
 

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Contenido

Introduction
1
Working Definitions
5
The PopularReligion Paradigm in Earlier Research and Theory
7
The Sources
14
Roots of a Religion of Personal Welfare
17
The Religion of the Shang People
23
The Religion of the Chou People
29
Personal Welfare in the Context of Mantic Technique
41
Religious Activities Related to the Agricultural Cycle
124
Religious Activities Related to the Life Cycle
135
Religious Activities in Everyday Life
143
Local Cults
146
Omens and Portents
152
Immortality Soul and the Netherworld
157
Further Development of the Idea of the Netherworld
165
Social Change the Development of Burial Styles and the Idea of the Netherworld
176

Omens
44
Divination
48
Witchcraft and Exorcism
52
Souls Spirits and the Abode of the Dead
62
Summary
66
Newly Discovered Daybooks and Everyday Religion
69
Elements of Religion in the Classic of Mountains and Seas
92
Dealing with Domestic and Foreign Environments
99
Emperors Courtiers and the Development of Official Cults
103
The Establishment of the Official Cult of the Chin Empire
104
The Establishment of the Han Official Cult
107
Personal Factors and Official Religion
114
Reassessing Han Official Religion
117
ConclusionHappiness
120
Beliefs and Practices in Everyday Life of the Han Dynasty
123
Popular Religiosity and Its Critics
179
Intellectuals as Critics of Popular Religion and Local Cults
185
Intellectuals as Reformers of Popular Religion
192
Intellectuals as Participants in Popular Religion
194
Conclusion
205
The Nature of ExtraHuman Powers
206
Belief in a Correlative Cosmological Order
209
Death and the Netherworld
210
Apothesis
212
Piety and Happiness
213
Epilogue
216
Notes
219
Bibliography
275
Index
321
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Acerca del autor (1998)

Mu-chou Poo is Research Fellow and Professor at the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan. He is the author of several works, including Wine and Wine Offering in the Religion of Ancient Egypt; Literature by the Nile: An Anthology of Ancient Egyptian Literature; and Burial Styles and Ideas of Life and Death.

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