On Bohemia: The Code of the Self-Exiled

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César Graña, Marigay Graña
Transaction Publishers, 1990 M01 1 - 812 páginas

Bohemia has been variously defined as a mythical country, a state of mind, a tavern by the wayside on the road of life. The editors of this volume prefer a leaner definition: an attitude of dissent from the prevailing values of middle-class society, one dependent on the existence of caf life. But whatever definition is preferred, this rich and long overdue collective portrait of Bohemian life in a large variety of settings is certain to engage and even entrance readers of all types: from the student of culture to social researchers and literary figures n search of their ancestral roots.

The work is international in scope and social scientific in conception. But because of the special nature of the Bohemian fascination, the volume is also graced by an unusually larger number of exquisite literary essays. Hence, one will find in this anthology writings by Malcolm Cowely, Norman Podhoretz, Norman Mailer, Theophile Gautier, Honore de Balzac, Mary Austin, Stefan Zweig, Nadine Gordimer, and Ernest Hemingway. Social scientists are well represented by Cesar Grana, Ephraim Mizruchi, W.I. Thomas, Florian Znaniecki, Harvey Zorbaugh, John R. Howard, and G. William Domhoff, among others.

The volume is sectioned into major themes in the history of Bohemia: social and literary origins, testimony by the participants, analysis by critics of and crusaders for the bohemian life, the ideological characteristics of the bohemians, and the long term prospect as well as retrospect for bohemenianism as a system, culture and ideology. The editors have provided a framework for examining some fundamental themes in social structure and social deviance: What are the levels of toleration within a society? Do artists deserve and receive special treatment by the powers that be? And what are the connections between bohemian life-styles and political protest movements?

This is an anthology and not a treatise, so the reader is free to pick and choose not only what to read, but what sort of general patterns are essential and which are transitional. This collection, initiated by the late Cesar Grana, has been completed and brought to fruition by his wife Marigay Grana.

Cesar Grana was, prior to his death, professor of sociology at the University of California in San Diego. Among his major books is Meaning and Authenticity, also available from Transaction. Marigay Grana was formerly an urban planner and designer in San Diego. She now is a free-lance editor living in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

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Contenido

Economics and the Art Colony
424
Literary Begging on the Left Bank
430
Rebellion Goes Commercial
433
Getting By and Making It
439
Getting By on 40 a Week
446
Making the Scene
449
Island and Outpost
452
The Cafe Procope
454

The Underworld of Art
86
Bohemia and AntiBohemia in Art
102
The Uses of History
111
The Diogenes Style
118
The Bohemian as a Social Personality Type
127
The Greenwich Village Idea
130
Chicagos Bohemia
139
The Outsider
143
The Social Role of the Literary Elite
148
The Idea of Bohemia in MidVictorian England
158
Its Ideology and Control
168
The Upper Bohemians
174
The White Negro
185
The Origins of the Beat Generation
195
The Beat Mystique
203
San Franciscos Mature Bohemians
212
Beaten
219
On the Beat Nature of Beat
223
The KnowNothing Bohemians
234
The Flowering of the Hippie Movement
245
The Testimony of Bohemia
261
The Canons of Bohemia
263
The Message of Bohemia
265
The Grisette
275
Henrietta Rodmans Madchen
277
Decor for a Bohemian Studio
280
Making Bohemia Safe for America
282
Bohemia for All
286
The New Cult of Sex and Anarchy
290
Zen in Venice
297
The Greening of a NATO General
301
A Troubled Dream
307
Bohemia as It Is Not
310
In Quest of Bohemia
313
False Gypsies
317
The Supreme Literary Illusion and Why It Persists
320
A Pustule on the Organism of Paris
324
A Place of Fear
343
Disenchanted Abroad
348
A Whiff of Chaos for the Bourgeoisie
354
Baiting the Bourgeois
359
Bouzingos and JeunesFrance
364
Initiation at the Studio
370
The Quatz Arts Ball 1893
374
Salon of the AvantGarde
380
Oxbridge and Chelsea
387
Professor Sea Gull
390
A Question of Survival
397
Invading Bohemia
404
Bohemia at Home
408
The Model
412
Hunger Was a Good Discipline
414
The Selling of the Village
420
The Golden Sun
458
Pfaffs Crowd
461
Looking for Bohemia in London
471
Londons Cafe Royal
473
Refuge from Angst and Reality
482
The Old Latin Quartier
490
Carmel 1900s
493
An Artists Colony in Stockholm
501
The Bohemian Cafe of Buenos Aires
506
A Semester in Berlin 1900
509
Mabel Dodges Evenings
515
Passing Through LA
519
Johannesburg 1950
530
Sixties London
534
Bivouac in the Piazza di Spagna
536
The New International Beatnikry in Paris
538
Making the Scene
545
The Figaro
555
Hippi at the Cafe Aramat
559
LArt pour lArt
569
The First Night of Hernani
576
Ubu Roi or Hernandi All Over Again
582
Dinners of Bohemia Ancient and Modern
586
A LeftWing View
593
The Other Culture
597
The Essentials of Spontaneous Prose
614
Belief Technique for Modern Prose
616
East Village Symphoneous
618
The Social Lie
629
Sellout to the Social Register
634
A Remembrance of the Red Romance
640
From Bohemia to Revolution
645
A Bohemia Seen through Marxist Eyes
660
The World as Dada Cabaret
664
Notes On Fascism and Bohemia
669
Youth Disaffiliated from a Phony World
675
Beatniks And Bolsheviks
680
The Continuous Demise of Bohemia
687
The Fall of Greenwich Village
689
Bohemia or Vulgaria
701
Is Feminine Bohemianism a Failure?
704
The New Bohemia
711
Greenwich Village Tombstone
721
The Revolution in Bohemia
724
What Happened to Bohemia?
730
The Death of Hip
732
North Beach 1961
762
Bohemians A Memoir of the Culture Before the Counterculture
765
The Protoculture
780
Dissolving the Boundaries
792
Bibliography
803
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