Poetry and Pragmatism
Harvard University Press, 1992 - 228 páginas
Richard Poirier, one of America's most eminent critics, reveals in this book the creative but mostly hidden alliance between American pragmatism and American poetry. He brilliantly traces pragmatism as a philosophical and literary practice grounded in a linguistic skepticism that runs from Emerson and William James to the work of Robert Frost, Gertrude Stein, and Wallace Stevens, and on to the cultural debates of today.
More powerfully than ever before, Poirier shows that pragmatism had its start in Emerson, the great example to all his successors of how it is possible to redeem even as you set out to change the literature of the past. Poirier demonstrates that Emerson--and later William James--were essentially philosophers of language, and that it is language that embodies our cultural past, an inheritance to be struggled with, and transformed, before being handed on to future generations. He maintains that in Emersonian pragmatist writing, any loss--personal or cultural--gives way to a quest for what he calls "superfluousness," a kind of rhetorical excess by which powerfully creative individuals try to elude deprivation and stasis. In a wide-ranging meditation on what James called "the vague," Poirier extols the authentic voice of individualism, which, he argues, is tentative and casual rather than aggressive and dogmatic.
The concluding chapters describe the possibilities for criticism created by this radically different understanding of reading and writing, which are nothing less than a reinvention of literary tradition itself. Poirier's discovery of this tradition illuminates the work of many of the most important figures in American philosophy and poetry. His reanimation of pragmatism also calls for a redirection of contemporary criticism, so that readers inside as well as outside the academy can begin to respond to poetic language as the source of meaning, not to meaning as the source of language.
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For reasons more fully gone into in the next chapter , it is crucial to note here that
Emerson has in mind “ production ... complicit as the miller ' s with capitalist
economy — for the reason that capitalism is preeminently the economy of
We must in ourselves see the necessary reason of every fact , — see how it could
and must be . So stand before every public and private work ; before an oration of
Burke , before a victory of Napoleon , before a martyrdom of Sir Thomas More ...
version of New Criticism , a mode of criticism which in my view , and for reasons I
will get to presently , was in fact subservient to quite specific social and even
religious forms of authority . It is therefore disappointing to discover that on other
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Starting from the position of "linguistic skepticism,'' the view that language and the concept of truth are inadequate to the task of describing reality or containing experience, Poirer sees the ... Leer comentario completo