Theory of Religion
Zone Books, 1989 - 126 páginas
Theory of Religion brings to philosophy what Georges Bataille's earlier book The Accursed Share brought to anthropology and history, namely, an analysis based on notions of excess and expenditure. No other work of Bataille's, and perhaps no other work anywhere since Weber's Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, has managed to draw so incisively the links between man's religious and economic activities.
"Religion," according to Bataille, "is the search for a lost intimacy." In a brilliant and tightly reasoned argument, he proceeds to develop a "general economy" of man's relation to this intimacy: from the seamless immanence of animality to the shattered world of objects and the partial, ritual recovery of the intimate order through the violence of the sacrifice. Bataille then reflects on the archaic festival, in which he sees not only the glorious affirmation of life through destructive consumption but also the seeds of another, more ominous order -- war.
Bataille then traces the rise of the modern military order, in which production ceases to be oriented toward the destruction of a surplus and violence is no longer deployed inwardly but is turned to the outside. In these twin developments one can see the origins of modern capitalism.
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Precise clarity was thus brought into consciousness and it organized the rational
modes of consciousness . But as the instrument of knowledge developed ,
people tried to use it to examine the intimate order . In this way clear
Self - consciousness The authenticity of a use of science adapted to a knowledge
of the intimate order immediately rules out the possibility of giving a learned form
to the autonomous declarations of men of intimacy . In the relationship between ...
The difficulty of making distinct knowledge and the intimate order coincide is due
to their contrary modes of existence in time . Divine life is immediate , whereas
knowledge is an operation that requires suspension and waiting . Answering to ...