Theory of Religion
Zone Books, 1989 - 126 páginas
Theory of Religion brings to philosophy what Georges Bataille's earlier book The Accursed Share brought to anthropology and history, namely, an analysis based on notions of excess and expenditure. No other work of Bataille's, and perhaps no other work anywhere since Weber's Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, has managed to draw so incisively the links between man's religious and economic activities.
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The gods are simply mythical spirits , without any substratum of reality . The spirit
that is not subordinated to the reality of a mortal body is a god , is purely divine (
sa - , cred ) . Insofar as he is himself a spirit , man is divine ( sacred ) , but he is ...
that world of things on which distinct reality is founded . It could not destroy the
animal as a thing without denying the animal ' s objective reality . This is what
gives the world of sacrifice an appearance of puerile gratuitousness . But one
... in which all consumption of resources is subordinated to the need for duration ,
to the violence of an unconditional consumption ; what is important is to leave a
world of real things , whose reality derives from a long term operation and never ...