Theory of Religion
Zone Books, 1989 - 126 páginas
Theory of Religion brings to philosophy what Georges Bataille's earlier book The Accursed Share brought to anthropology and history, namely, an analysis based on notions of excess and expenditure. No other work of Bataille's, and perhaps no other work anywhere since Weber's Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, has managed to draw so incisively the links between man's religious and economic activities.
"Religion," according to Bataille, "is the search for a lost intimacy." In a brilliant and tightly reasoned argument, he proceeds to develop a "general economy" of man's relation to this intimacy: from the seamless immanence of animality to the shattered world of objects and the partial, ritual recovery of the intimate order through the violence of the sacrifice. Bataille then reflects on the archaic festival, in which he sees not only the glorious affirmation of life through destructive consumption but also the seeds of another, more ominous order -- war.
Bataille then traces the rise of the modern military order, in which production ceases to be oriented toward the destruction of a surplus and violence is no longer deployed inwardly but is turned to the outside. In these twin developments one can see the origins of modern capitalism.
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The Spirits and the Gods The equality and inequality of these various existences ,
all opposed to the things that pure ... A scale is built into this conception : the
supreme being is in a sense a pure spirit ; similarly , the spirit of a dead man does
tions , the hierarchy of spirits tends to be based on a fundamental distinction
between spirits that depend on a body , like those of men ... The spirit that is not
subordinated to the reality of a mortal body is a god , is purely divine ( sa - , cred )
Insofar as he is spirit , it is man ' s misfortune to have the body of an animal and
thus to be like a thing , but it is the glory of the human body to be the substratum
of a spirit . And the spirit is so closely linked to the body as a thing that the body ...