Theory of Religion
Zone Books, 1989 - 126 páginas
Theory of Religion brings to philosophy what Georges Bataille's earlier book The Accursed Share brought to anthropology and history, namely, an analysis based on notions of excess and expenditure. No other work of Bataille's, and perhaps no other work anywhere since Weber's Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, has managed to draw so incisively the links between man's religious and economic activities.
"Religion," according to Bataille, "is the search for a lost intimacy." In a brilliant and tightly reasoned argument, he proceeds to develop a "general economy" of man's relation to this intimacy: from the seamless immanence of animality to the shattered world of objects and the partial, ritual recovery of the intimate order through the violence of the sacrifice. Bataille then reflects on the archaic festival, in which he sees not only the glorious affirmation of life through destructive consumption but also the seeds of another, more ominous order -- war.
Bataille then traces the rise of the modern military order, in which production ceases to be oriented toward the destruction of a surplus and violence is no longer deployed inwardly but is turned to the outside. In these twin developments one can see the origins of modern capitalism.
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In other cases the tears respond instead to unexpected triumph , to good fortune
that makes us exult , but always madly , far beyond the concern for a future time .
The Consummation of Sacrifice The power that death generally has illuminates ...
Intimacy – salvation – is regarded as a thing characterized by individuality and
duration ( of the operation ) . Duration is given to it as a foundation originating in
the concern for enduring that is governed by the operation . At the 84 RELIGION ...
This justification of the method followed does not prevent me from seeing its real
disadvantages , which concern intelligibility . Even if representations do not take
on their full meaning until they detach themselves from the realities to which they