Theory of Religion
Zone Books, 1989 - 126 páginas
Theory of Religion brings to philosophy what Georges Bataille's earlier book The Accursed Share brought to anthropology and history, namely, an analysis based on notions of excess and expenditure. No other work of Bataille's, and perhaps no other work anywhere since Weber's Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, has managed to draw so incisively the links between man's religious and economic activities.
"Religion," according to Bataille, "is the search for a lost intimacy." In a brilliant and tightly reasoned argument, he proceeds to develop a "general economy" of man's relation to this intimacy: from the seamless immanence of animality to the shattered world of objects and the partial, ritual recovery of the intimate order through the violence of the sacrifice. Bataille then reflects on the archaic festival, in which he sees not only the glorious affirmation of life through destructive consumption but also the seeds of another, more ominous order -- war.
Bataille then traces the rise of the modern military order, in which production ceases to be oriented toward the destruction of a surplus and violence is no longer deployed inwardly but is turned to the outside. In these twin developments one can see the origins of modern capitalism.
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The Supreme Being If we now picture men conceiving the world in the light of an
existence that is continuous ( in relation to their intimacy , their deep subjectivity )
, we must also perceive the need for them to attribute to it the virtues of a thing ...
The separate individual is of the same nature as the thing , rather the
anxiousness to remain personally alive that establishes the person's individuality
is linked to the integration of existence into the world of things . To put it differently
, work ...
If the restoration of the intimate order is to be achieved in the sphere of clear
consciousness , which alone has the force to rescue intimacy from equivocations
, it still cannot be achieved through a suspension of intimate existence . And