Theory of Religion
Zone Books, 1989 - 126 páginas
Theory of Religion brings to philosophy what Georges Bataille's earlier book The Accursed Share brought to anthropology and history, namely, an analysis based on notions of excess and expenditure. No other work of Bataille's, and perhaps no other work anywhere since Weber's Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, has managed to draw so incisively the links between man's religious and economic activities.
"Religion," according to Bataille, "is the search for a lost intimacy." In a brilliant and tightly reasoned argument, he proceeds to develop a "general economy" of man's relation to this intimacy: from the seamless immanence of animality to the shattered world of objects and the partial, ritual recovery of the intimate order through the violence of the sacrifice. Bataille then reflects on the archaic festival, in which he sees not only the glorious affirmation of life through destructive consumption but also the seeds of another, more ominous order -- war.
Bataille then traces the rise of the modern military order, in which production ceases to be oriented toward the destruction of a surplus and violence is no longer deployed inwardly but is turned to the outside. In these twin developments one can see the origins of modern capitalism.
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The Divine Delivered Over to the Operation The paradox of a mediation that
should not have been does not rest merely on an internal contradiction . In a
general way , it controls the contradiction involved in the lifting and maintenance
of the ...
So this world of mediation and of works of salvation is led from the start to exceed
its limits . Not only are the violences that morality condemns set free on all sides ,
but a tacit debate is initiated between the works of salvation , which serve the ...
Second , it dispensed with mediation and upheld a transcendence of the divine
world , which conformed to the military type of a violence directed to the outside .
But what is true of early Islam is not at all true of late Islam . Once the Moslem ...