Theory of Religion
Zone Books, 1989 - 126 páginas
Theory of Religion brings to philosophy what Georges Bataille's earlier book The Accursed Share brought to anthropology and history, namely, an analysis based on notions of excess and expenditure. No other work of Bataille's, and perhaps no other work anywhere since Weber's Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, has managed to draw so incisively the links between man's religious and economic activities.
"Religion," according to Bataille, "is the search for a lost intimacy." In a brilliant and tightly reasoned argument, he proceeds to develop a "general economy" of man's relation to this intimacy: from the seamless immanence of animality to the shattered world of objects and the partial, ritual recovery of the intimate order through the violence of the sacrifice. Bataille then reflects on the archaic festival, in which he sees not only the glorious affirmation of life through destructive consumption but also the seeds of another, more ominous order -- war.
Bataille then traces the rise of the modern military order, in which production ceases to be oriented toward the destruction of a surplus and violence is no longer deployed inwardly but is turned to the outside. In these twin developments one can see the origins of modern capitalism.
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Printed in the United States of America Distributed by The MIT Press , Cambridge
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Publication Data Bataille , Georges , 1897 - 1962 . Theory of religion . Translation
The positing of a religious attitude that would result from clear consciousness ,
and would exclude , if not the ecstatic form of religion , then at least its mystical
form , differs radically from the attempts at fusion that exercise minds anxious to ...
rate religious possibilities have revealed , and to make their shared content the
principle of a human life raised to universality , seems unassailable despite its
insipid results , but for anyone to whom human life is an experience to be carried